10.3 CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION: Innovations in agriculture, production, and transportation led to the Industrial Revolution, which originated in Western Europe and spread over time to Japan and other regions. This led to major population shifts and transformed economic and social systems. (Standard: 2, 3, 4; Themes: MOV, TCC, GEO, SOC, ECO, TECH) 10.3a Agricultural innovations and technologies enabled people to alter their environment, allowing them to increase and support farming on a large scale. Students will examine the agricultural revolution in Great Britain.10.3b Factors including new economic theories and practices, new sources of energy, and technological innovations influenced the development of new communication and transportation systems and new methods of production. These developments had numerous effects. Students will analyze the factors and conditions needed to industrialize and to expand industrial production, as well as shifts in economic practices. Students will examine the economic theory presented in The Wealth of Nations. Students will examine changes and innovations in energy, technology, communication, and transportation that enabled industrialization. 10.3c Shifts in population from rural to urban areas led to social changes in class structure, family structure, and the daily lives of people. Students will investigate the social, political, and economic impacts of industrialization in Victorian England and Meiji Japan and compare and contrast them. 10.3d Social and political reform, as well as new ideologies, developed in response to industrial growth. Students will investigate suffrage, education, and labor reforms, as well as ideologies such as Marxism, that were intended to transform society. Students will examine the Irish potato famine within the context of the British agricultural revolution and Industrial Revolution.